Psychotherapy Essentially psychotherapy is a 'talking therapy' which involves seeing a trained professional usually once a week to discuss and explore problems you may be having in your life. Psychotherapy focuses on both change and understanding. It can help to change unhelpful behaviours in our lives as well as helping to understand where these problems originate. Psychoanalytic psychotherapy offers individuals an opportunity to gain deeper understanding of themself and their unique experiences. The development of greater insight & self awareness offers the opportunity for long standing change and symptom relief. People come to see a psychotherapist for many reasons these commonly include: * Depression and /or anxiety * Concerns about drug/ alcohol use * Relationship difficulties * Feelings of discontent * Early disruptive home life or divorce * Childhood trauma or sexual abuse * Difficulties managing emotions or distress * Self improvement by seeking self understanding * Psychoanalytic or psychodynamic psychotherapy draws on theories and practices of analytical psychology and psychoanalysis. It is a therapeutic process which helps patients understand and resolve their problems by increasing awareness of their inner world and its influence over relationships both past and present. Psychotherapy is usually longer term and most often focused on understanding and changing long standing patterns of behaviour. Longer term psychotherapy often focuses on past childhood difficulties or trauma that contribute to present day problems.
Counselling Counselling is usually short term up to 10 weeks and focuses on solving specific problems. Counselling involves learning specific skills or strategies to assist with problems such as: communication, managing emotions & changing habits. Goals are identified and worked toward with a strength based and solution focussed approach toward goal outcomes. This approach is highly supportive of the individuals own strengths and internal resources as well as exploring external supports, resources and guidance with the aim of meeting identified desired outcomes.
Addictions Treatment This is counselling that is specifically focused on helping people change how they use alcohol, drugs or other addictive behaviours. It is often focused on learning new skills and techniques to change habits, and may be either short term counselling, or longer term psychotherapy depending on the individual. Education is a core component of treatment assisting the individual and families to explore best approaches to individualised treatment plans. Treatment is based on a Transtheoretical model that assesses an individual's readiness to act on a new healthier behavior, and provides strategies, or processes of change to guide the individual through the stages of change to Action and Maintenance.It is based on analysis and use of different theories of psychotherapy, hence the name "trans-theoretical."
Precontemplation (Not Ready)-"People are not intending to take action in the foreseeable future, and can be unaware that their behaviour is problematic"
Contemplation (Getting Ready)-"People are beginning to recognize that their behaviour is problematic, and start to look at the pros and cons of their continued actions"
Preparation (Ready)-"People are intending to take action in the immediate future, and may begin taking small steps toward behaviour change"
Action – "People have made specific overt modifications in modifying their problem behaviour or in acquiring new healthy behaviours"
Maintenance – "People have been able to sustain action for at least six months and are working to prevent relapse"
Termination – "Individuals have effective strategies to manage urges and develop a confidence they will not return to their old unhealthy habit as a way of coping"
Relapse: In addition, the researchers conceptualized "relapse" (recycling) which is not a stage in itself but rather the "return from Action or Maintenance to an earlier stage." *Revisiting and exploring what lead to past or present relapse assists deepening and broadening relapse prevention strategies. Mainstream evidenced based treatment practices are adapted to meet the needs of the individual and their unique experience.